Access to educational activities

Article 1 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation establishes that the objectives of the labor legislation of the Russian Federation are to establish state guarantees of labor rights and freedoms of citizens, create favorable working conditions, protect the rights and interests of employees and employers.

The main tasks of the labor legislation are to create the necessary legal conditions for the achievement of optimal coordination of the interests of the parties to labor relations, the interests of the state, as well as the legal regulation of labor relations and other directly related relations on labor organization and labor management; employment with the employer; training and additional professional education of employees directly with the employer; social partnership, collective bargaining and collective agreements; the participation of workers and trade unions in the establishment of working conditions and the application of labor legislation in cases provided by law; the liability of employers and workers in the workplace; state control (supervision), trade union control over the observance of labor legislation (including legislation on labor protection) and other normative legal acts containing norms of labor law; labor dispute resolution; compulsory social insurance in cases stipulated by federal laws.

According to Art. 3 FZ of December 29, 2012 N 273-FZ "On education in the Russian Federation", state policy and legal regulation of relations in the field of education, among others, are based on the following principles:

  • ensuring the right of every person to education, the inadmissibility of discrimination in the field of education;
  • the unity of the educational space on the territory of the Russian Federation, the protection and development of ethno-cultural characteristics and traditions of the peoples of the Russian Federation in a multi-ethnic state;
  • creation of favorable conditions for the integration of the education system of the Russian Federation with the education systems of other states on an equal and mutually beneficial basis;
  • freedom to choose education according to inclinations and needs of a person, creating conditions for self-realization of each person, free development of his abilities, including granting the right to choose forms of education, forms of education, organizations carrying out educational activities, orientation of education within the limits provided by the education system, and also giving pedagogical workers freedom in the choice of forms of training, methods of teaching and education;
  • ensuring the right to lifelong education in accordance with the needs of the individual, the adaptability of the educational system to the level of training, developmental characteristics, abilities and interests of the person.
Print version Modified 26.10.2021